Take Test: Chapter 7 Homework

Take Test: Chapter 7 Homework

Question 1

    The theory that there are seven distinct mental abilities was proposed by ________.

0.5 points 
Question 2

    Clayton is looking for a house to buy. As he looks at different houses, he weighs the different features that each house offers. For instance, while he prefers a brick house, he saw a wooden house that had a better floor plan, a reasonable price, and was in a good school district. Clayton decides that the wooden house is a better buy despite not being made of brick. His decision-making style involved the use of a ________.
    means-end analysis
    noncompensatory model
    compensatory model
    functional mind set

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Question 3

    Failing to see that a wrench can also be used to hammer a nail is an example of ________.
    functional fixedness
    reproductive thinking
    positive transfer
    learned helplessness

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Question 4

    The type of knowledge that allows a specialist to work efficiently on a problem without the elaborate preparation that a new problem would require of a beginner is ________.
    problem set

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Question 5

    Higher grades and intelligence test scores predict ________.
    performance on the job but not occupational success
    occupational success, but not performance on the job
    occupational success and performance on the job
    neither occupational success nor performance on the job

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Question 6

    Jane has severe motor coordination deficits, and problems in performing daily tasks needed to function independently. Which of the following is also necessary to classify her as mentally retarded?
    evidence of chromosomal abnormality
    an IQ score of about or below
    manifestation of violent behavior and withdrawal
    proof that she does not have phenylketonuria

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Question 7

    Which of the following is not one of the types of mental abilities measured by the current version of the Stanford-Binet test?
    quantitative reasoning
    verbal reasoning
    long-term memory
    abstract/visual reasoning

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Question 8

    A problem-solving strategy in which an individual or a group produces numerous ideas and evaluates them only after all ideas have been collected is called ________.
    functional analysis
    convergent thinking

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Question 9

    Which of the following experimental results best refutes the linguistic relativity hypothesis?
    Members of a primitive tribe who were asked to perform a task using top-down processing completed it more quickly than those using bottom-up processing.
    Members of a primitive tribe whose language has no words for colors could still think about a wide variety of colors.
    People who had to rotate a consonant 90 degrees to compare it to a prototype recognized it more quickly than people who had to rotate it 180 degrees.
    People retrieved the word “brown” faster than “muddy brown.”

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Question 10

    When test results are in agreement with some other direct and independent measure of that which the test is designed to predict, the test exhibits ________.
    alternate-form reliability
    criterion-related validity
    content validity
    test-retest reliability

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Question 11

    Which of the following is a true statement?
    Nothing can be done to reduce the effects of biological mental retardation.
    Little can be done to reduce the effects of biological mental retardation.
    The effects of biological mental retardation can be eliminated through education and training.
    The effects of biological mental retardation can be reduced through education and training.

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Question 12

    About one person in ________ is afflicted with PKU.

0.5 points 
Question 13

    The first intelligence test was designed by ________.
    Binet and Terman
    Binet and Simon
    Stanford and Terman
    Stanford and Binet

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Question 14

    In a recent study that required men and women to respond to gender-neutral and gender- specific pronouns, ________ responded more quickly to stimuli that contained traditional gender stereotypes than to stimuli that contained nontraditional stereotypes.
    men, but not women
    women, but not men
    both women and men
    neither men nor women