Potential community health intervention

In the past, the typical patient care model comprised:

  • A patient seeking services.
  • A provider diagnosing and treating an acute concern.
  • The patient complying with the treatment recommendations or not.

Today, patient engagement and advocacy are increasing in focus. As provider reimbursement methodologies shift to pay for performance and the Affordable Care Act (ACA), and patients demand higher-quality services at a lower cost, patient engagement is a critical variable to improved patient outcomes.

The patient engagement framework was developed to assist in the study of patient engagement. The framework consists of five steps and will be examined in this unit (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016):

  1. Inform Me: providers educate patients and help them understand care information.
  2. Engage Me: providers interact with patients to improve care.
  3. Empower Me: patients become a part of the care team.
  4. Partner with Me: the provider and patient partner in shared care planning.
  5. Support my E-Community: the community is included in the network of patient support.

The above framework illustrates one way in which population health strives to shift our focus from a reactive treatment model to a proactive wellness model (Nash, Fabius, Skoufalos, & Clarke, 2016). For your future reference, each type of model can be briefly defined as:

  • Treatment models provide care to patients who exhibit a problem.
  • Wellness models take proactive steps to prevent development of a problem.

For this assessment, select one of the three specific health-improvement needs you identified in the previous assignment (Analyze Community Health Needs assessment).

Once you have selected the health-improvement need you want to focus on, complete the following:

  • Conduct research on your chosen health improvement need and identify two possible approaches to address the problem in your community.
    • One approach may be the same one that you identified in your Analyze Community Health Needs assessment, or you can select two new approaches.
  • Research how other communities are addressing your chosen need and locate relevant data.

Instructions

Examine potential interventions for the health-improvement need you selected during your preparation and compile a 3–6-page analysis. As previously stated, you must report on two possible approaches, one of which may be from those you identified in your Analyze Community Health Needs assessment.

For the purposes of this assessment, each intervention approach must be evidence based. Also, one intervention must be based on a treatment model and the other, a wellness model. For the purposes of this assessment, use these brief definitions when determining which model an intervention would be categorized as:

  • Treatment models provide care to patients who exhibit a problem.
  • Wellness models take proactive steps to prevent development of a problem.

Consult the scoring guide to ensure that you are addressing all criteria at the level to which you desire. 

Include the following in your analysis:

1) Assesses how social determinants affect individuals in relation to a specific health problem. Cites specific examples from the literature to support assessment.

  • For this you will:
    • Restate the specific health-improvement need that you are researching.
    • Restate the relevant characteristics of the affected community with regards to your chosen health improvement need.
    • Identify the most relevant social determinants with regards to your chosen health need.
      • How do they impact individuals in the community?
        • How do these impacts affect the health and ability to seek out treatment of individuals?
      • What inequities with regards to social determinants exist between specific populations in the community?
        • Why is it important to acknowledge these inequities when determining interventions to improve a population health issue?                                              2) Assesses an evidence-based treatment model that addresses a population health need. Notes areas of uncertainty for which more information could help to improve the assessment.
        • For this you will:
    • Describe an evidence-based treatment model to address the health need.
    • Be explicit in your descriptions, pointing out the identifying characteristics of the model.
      • How can you tell that the model belongs in the treatment model category?
    • Explain why the treatment-based model is a potentially effective intervention for your identified health need.
    • Comment on advantages and disadvantages of the treatment model.                                             3) Assesses an evidence-based wellness model for preventing development of a future population health problem. Notes areas of uncertainty for which more information could help to improve the assessment.
    • For this you will:
    • Describe an evidence-based wellness model to prevent future development of the health problem.
    • Be explicit in your descriptions, pointing out the identifying characteristics of the model.
      • How can you tell that the model belongs in the wellness model category?
    • Explain why the wellness-based model is a potentially effective intervention for your identified health need.
    • Comment on advantages and disadvantages of the wellness model.

Additional Requirements

  • Written communication: Ensure writing is clear, with correct spelling, grammar, and syntax, and well organized to support orderly exposition of content.
  • Length: Compose 3–6 typed and double-spaced content pages set in 12-point Times New Roman, not including title page and reference page.
  • References: Cite at least three current scholarly or professional resources.
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