Discuss the sources of evidence for public health nurses. How can this evidence be applied to support evidence-based practice? Cite at least two sources of evidence in your response.
How has evidence-based practice evolved? What are the advantages and disadvantages of this evolution for public health nurses as well as communities?
Read Chapter 1 in Public Health Nursing: Population-Centered Health Care in the Community.
Read “How Public Health Nurses Use Sources of Knowledge,” by Weum, Bragstad, and Glavin from Sykepleien Forskning (2017). URL: https://sykepleien.no/node/65510
Read “Evidence-Based Clinical and Public Health: Generating and Applying the Evidence,” by the Secretary’s Advisory Committee on National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives for 2020 (2010), located on the the Healthy People website. URL: https://www.healthypeople.gov/sites/default/files/EvidenceBasedClinicalPH2010.pdf
Read “Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Through Population-Based Interventions, Including Action to Address Social Determinants and Health Inequity,” by Organisation Mondiale de la Sante, located on the World Health Organization (WHO) website. URL: http://www.emro.who.int/fr/about-who/public-health-functions/health-promotion-disease-prevention.html
Read “Defining Health Promotion and Disease Prevention,” located on the Rural Health Information Hub website. URL: https://www.ruralhealthinfo.org/toolkits/health-promotion/1/definition
Explore “Chapter 1. Our Model for Community Change and Improvement,” located on the Community Toolbox website (2018). URL: https://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/overview/model-for-community-change-and-improvement
Explore the Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Strategies page on the Rural Health Information Hub website. URL: https://www.ruralhealthinfo.org/toolkits/health-promotion/2/strategies
Explore the Evidence-Based Practices and Programs page on the National Institutes of Health (NIH) website. URL: https://prevention.nih.gov/research-priorities/dissemination-implementation-research/evidence-based-practices-programs
public health models important in providing quality health care
Why are public health models important in providing quality health care? Briefly describe two public health models and their impact on quality health care.
There are numerous tools available for public health nurses to use. Choose the tool used in public health that is, in your opinion, the most effective. Provide a rationale for this tool’s effectiveness and provide an example of when it has been used.
Read Chapter 11 in Public Health Nursing: Population-Centered Health Care in the Community.
Read “Theories, Models and Frameworks Used in Capacity Building Interventions Relevant to Public Health: A Systematic Review,” by Bergeron, Abdi, DeCorby, Mensah, Rempel, and Manson, from BMC Public Health (2017). URL: https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=127005753&site=ehost-live&scope=site
Read “Tools for Implementing an Evidence-Based Approach in Public Health Practice,” by Jacobs, Jones, Gabella, Spring, and Brownson, from Preventing Chronic Disease (2012), located on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website. URL: https://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2012/11_0324.htm
Read “Public Health Nursing Practice Model” (2007), located on the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health website. URL: http://publichealth.lacounty.gov/phn/docs/NarrativePHNModela2007.pdf
Read “Public Health Interventions: Applications for Public Health Nursing Practice,” by Minnesota Department of Health (2001), located on the Minnesota Department of Health – Center for Public Health Practice website. URL: https://www.health.state.mn.us/communities/practice/research/phncouncil/wheel.html
Explore “Chapter 2. Other Models for Promoting Community Health and Development,” located on the Community Toolbox website (2018). URL: https://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/overview/models-for-community-health-and-development
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using qualitative or quantitative data. Give an example of when you would use each.
There are numerous ways in which public health nurses can collect data in order to identify population needs and develop interventions, including surveys, focus groups, and interviews. Choose the two data collection methods you feel are the most effective. Describe each method and explain why you chose them. How would you know which data collection technique is most effective for your chosen population?