Importance of Preventing Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Daniela Montalvo

Miami Regional University

ENC2201: Report Writing and Research Methods

Dr. Uliana Gancea

April 11, 2022


While research shows that no one preventative measure can curb cases of HIV prevalence, high rates of infertility. And pelvic inflammatory diseases, STIs prevention has shown to be an effective way of drastically reducing these cases. This is because most STIs are the leading causes of these conditions. Therefore, reducing the rates of STIs is an essential aspect of reducing these cases worldwide. We shall look into the relationship between STIs and HIV prevalence. High infertility rates, and pelvic inflammatory diseases. Using a systematic review of previous research papers. We shall seek to show the importance of preventing STIs.

Keywords: preventing STIs, curbing HIV prevalence, infertility rates, pelvic inflammatory diseases, reproductive health.


Importance of Preventing Sexually Transmitted Diseases

An astounding 376 million sexually transmitted (STI) curable infections emerge annually across the globe. Sexual transmission accounts for more than 80% of all new HIV diagnoses (WHO, 2019). The immense strain of STI morbidity and death has a significant effect on the quality of life, sexual and reproductive health (SRH), and infant health, and as co-components for the transmission of HIV subsequently (Mayaud & McCormick, 2001). The risk of acquiring or transmitting HIV is significantly increased by sexually transmissible diseases like syphilis, chancroid ulcer, and genital herpes simplex virus ulcer. In some instances, they represent over 40% or more HIV transmissions (WHO, 2019).

In the evolution of sexually transmitted infection (STI) management. As with other infectious diseases, the pendulum moves around vertical disease-specific and broader horizontal interventions, from a focused emphasis on conditions and their care to people’s more extensive interests that harbor and spread them. STI prevention efforts have been more and more established with respect to the goals of HIV programs since the introduction of HIV in the 1980s. While HIV itself is an STI. Attempts to deter its transmission are primarily controlled by funding, execution, and evaluation programs, regardless of other STI management efforts.

Such a broken model has a harmful effect. Too frequently, the overlooked STI programs – the basis on which attempts were made to avoid HIV – fail when funding is limited. As a result, STI hospitals and programs are under-personalized, overlooked, or entirely lost (Steen et al., 2009). HIV testing may be provided for pregnant mothers, but STIs such as syphilis are no longer being thoroughly checked. Furthermore, STI reporting, a vital indicator for sexually transmitted infection inclinations, has withered away. This paper seeks to evaluate the need for putting more emphasis on the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases.