Health and Wellness Professiona

Your initial discussion thread is due on Day 3 (Thursday) and you have until Day 7 (Monday) to respond to your classmates. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. Refer to the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric under the Settings icon above for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated.

Interview a Health and Wellness Professional [WLOs: 1, 2] [CLOs: 2, 3, 7]<

Select one of the following health and wellness professionals to interview:

  • personal trainer
  • certified wellness practitioner (CWP)
  • physical therapist
  • worksite wellness employee
  • exercise leader
  • exercise physiologist/specialist
  • physical education teacher
  • wellness promotion director

You may locate one of these professionals by checking your local hospital, health clinic, doctor’s office, health department office, university, or fitness facility. Contact the individual through email or phone. Introduce yourself and explain that you are completing a class assignment for which you need to interview a health and wellness professional. Request an interview with the individual. Always be professional in your interactions with this individual. Schedule a time to interview the professional and ask the following questions:

  • How long have you been working in this occupation?
  • What is your educational background? Please include any information regarding associated certifications, licensing, or registrations.
  • What is a typical day like for you?
  • What do you feel are the most important aspects of an exercise program?
  • What should every exercise program include and why?
  • How is exercise important to a person’s overall wellness?
  • How do you assess a client’s or patient’s fitness level and overall wellness?
  • What is your opinion regarding role modeling? How are you a role model for your clients/patients?
  • In addition, come up with two questions of your own to ask the professional.

Your discussion response should address the following items:

  • Identify and explain the five components of a fitness program discussed in the video The Body in Motion: Fitness, Skill, and Training. Did the answers provided by your chosen professional highlight these components?
  • Explain the importance of physical fitness to overall wellness.
  • Give the name and title of the professional you interviewed, and provide the questions with complete answers from the interview.

Review the video The Body in Motion: Fitness, Skill, and Training prior to completing the discussion. Include the text and one additional scholarly reference correctly cited in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center to help support your response. See the Citing Within Your Paper and Formatting Your References List web pages, as well as the Scholarly, Peer-Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources document, for additional guidance.

Guided Response: Respond substantially to two classmates who interviewed a different health and wellness professional than you, by Day 7. Compare and contrast your interview answers to that of your classmate’s. What did you find out that you liked about their professional’s occupation? Did you find out anything from your classmate’s interview that you did not like about the health and wellness field?

Amber Cooper

Jul 7, 2020 at 7:18 PM

In the video The Body in Motion: Fitness, Skill, and Training , the five components of fitness were identified as cardio endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition. Cardio endurance deals with activities like running and swimming. Muscular strength has to do with weight training certain muscle fibers to respond with power. Muscular endurance is involved in a sport like rowing. Flexibility would be “exercised” in yoga or ballet. Lastly, “body composition refers to the relative amounts of fat and fat free tissues (e.g., bone, muscle, and internal organs) in the body” (Powers & Dodd, 2017, p.156).

The importance that fitness plays is crucial to overall wellness because being physically active effects every area of our being. From mental health and stress management, to muscular strength and endurance, to boosting our immune systems, increasing longevity and quality of life, and fighting off “invaders.” Fitness literally effects our entire body. In one study done on breast cancers patients (3,914 participants), it was concluded that “exercise was categorized into three modes: aerobic, resistance, and a combination of aerobic and resistance, all three modes of exercise intervention showed a significant effect on quality of life between groups. (Zhang, Li, & Liu, 2019, p.9)

The interview I conducted explained some of the components like flexibility, muscular strength, and endurance. The name of the professional I chose is Dr. Marisa Cavallo. She is a certified personal trainer, she is certified in Nutritional Response, and is also a Chiropractor. I enjoyed getting to interview Dr. Marisa with the following questions.

  • How long have you been working in this occupation?

Dr. Marisa has been a personal trainer for five years, practicing Nutritional Response Testing for 11 years and has been a chiropractor for 25 years.

  • What is your educational background? Please include any information regarding associated certifications, licensing, or registrations.

I am a Doctor of Chiropractic, Advanced Clinical Graduate for Nutritional Response testing and have a Personal Training certification. I also have certifications in self-defense.

  • What is a typical day like for you?

Just interacting with patients and checking nutrition, but it usually ends of being a lot more than that. People are happy that I bring hope. Many come that have had many tests or nobody listens to them. I spend time listening and figuring out the different aspects to a person’s history.

  • What do you feel are the most important aspects of an exercise program?

“Well number one is breathing and what people are actually thinking about while exercising. Where is their mind? Are they thinking positive thinking? This is so important. Exercise is a time to rejuvenate your mind and your body follows. I do not care how fit a person is, if their mind is garbage, they do not have good health. You can have a weightlifter who is strong physically but completely weak in other wellness related functions. I recommend doing a little of what you hate and a little of what you love to do. Find what makes you satisfied. There are so many ways to exercise.” Our text agrees with what Dr. Marisa said by stating, “To ensure that you will exercise regularly, choose activities that you enjoy doing, that are easily available to you, and that carry a low risk of injury” (Powers & Dodd, 2017, p.42).

  • What should every exercise program include and why?
  1. Learning how to breathe because you can go a lot longer and increase stamina and energy.

2. You must focus on right things while exercising.

  1. Definitely stretching.
  2. Good warm up and good stretch is essential. You have to warm up so you don’t hurt yourself. Stretching is important because most people are not flexible. If you want to grow old gracefully, you need to have good flexibility because that is the first to go. If you don’t want to get hurt, you must be flexible.
  3. Strength and resistant training has been proven to keep you young.
  • How is exercise important to a person’s overall wellness?

First, it releases the same chemical reaction that anti-depressants do for people.

Second, circulation is going to improve the entire function of your wellbeing and gets garbage out.

Third, diet and exercise are the number one way to battle obesity, cardiovascular disease, etc. Exercise effects your mind too by getting rid of stress.

Fourth, exercise gets people in touch with themselves but not in a selfish way, in a way that allows you to heal. It brings things to the surface so you can deal with it. When done in a balanced manner, with healthy nutrition and good mental focus, physical fitness brings everything else together. It is not one thing or the other. You still must face yourself.

  • How do you assess a client’s or patient’s fitness level and overall wellness?

I do food diaries and encourage patients on better ways to eat. If they don’t exercise, I find out what they could do and enjoy. If they do exercise, I make sure they are not all about pumping iron and not flexible. They will ruin themselves and their joints. I assess that they are on the right nutrition while exercising. Checking for deficiencies in nutrition (by way of nutritional muscle testing). Check for gland and organ health and ask “do they need specific nutrition in certain organs?” Do they need hormonal support? Look where they are gaining weight and you can tell what the issue is. (Dr. Marisa referenced Dr. Bob’s Drugless Guide To Balance Female Hormones as a good resource). A traditional family doctor may see a blood test and they look clear but the patients is still at a loss for what’s wrong. Then only symptoms are treated. They will pass you along. A Wellness Doctor will be more preventive and be more knowledgeable on how to treat beyond the symptoms and to the root cause.

  • What is your opinion regarding role modeling? How are you a role model for your clients/patients?

I am big on accountability. If I tell people what to do, I need to do it as well. I am not purest though. But if you are going to be a leader, you are a role model whether you like it or not. You must be accountable. Its reality.

  1. As a health professional, are there boundaries between your professional and personal life? What are those boundaries and how have you kept them?

I am an open book. That got me into trouble when I was a new practitioner because I love people. But I learned that I must have a line and I do not want to burn out. You must have a line. Do I share personal experiences? Yes. That is my testimony. But I have over time learned boundaries for sure. Jesus did not help everybody either. Your only one person. If you do not have enough time and energy for your family, your doing it wrong.

  1. What is the most common health issue you find in your practice? Why do you think that is? Digestion and Lyme disease. There are a lot of reasons, but the foods people are eating are laden with chemicals. Our DNA does not recognize these chemicals as food. There are other controversial ideas, like vaccines, GMOs etc. and they all go together to form problems. There are epidemics of food allergies and digestive problems. People are more stressed out and not eating the foods they should be eating. Health comes from the soil where the nutrients are. Look at history. There was always a nutritional deficiency that led to a sickness.

NOTE: Dr. Marisa did not address Lyme Disease but PA is commonly known for its plethora of deer ticks.


Powers, S. K., & Dodd, S. L. (2017). Total fitness & wellness, the Mastering Health edition (7th ed.). Retrieved from

Zhang, X., Li, Y., & Liu, D. (2019). Effects of exercise on the quality of life in breast cancer patients: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Supportive Care in Cancer27(1), 9–21.

ara Newlove

Jul 7, 2020 at 7:20 PM


Nissa Hatifie Wellness Coach at Facebook.

Nissa is one of two wellness coaches for a department within Facebook that is responsible for viewing sensitive content.

  • How long have you been working in this occupation?

I have spent 2 ½ years in my current role as a Facebook wellness coach and prior to that I was a counselor at a methadone clinic while working towards my Doctrine.

  • What is your educational background? Please include any information regarding associated certifications, licensing, or registrations.

A year ago, I receive my doctrine in Clinical Psychology with the intention of becoming a Marriage and Family Therapist. My goals have changed since becoming a wellness coach, so I am now working towards getting licenses as a psychologist since being a wellness coach does not require one.

  • What is a typical day like for you?

Well I have a set routine, which is vital to my personal wellness. Because I am also an athlete, I make sure to get around 8-9 hours of sleep. When I wake, I drink two glasses of water to rehydrate before my coffee and handful of dates breakfast. (conversation sidetracked about the importance of fiber and the nutritional value of dates). During my work hours I answer emails and meet with individuals to gauge how work is going and discuss any content they may have been exposed to. After work I maintain a daily workout routine to keep my body healthy which in turn helps my mind stay clear. This included soccer, running, basketball any kind of endurance sport.

  • What do you feel are the most important aspects of a work wellness coach?

First thought best thought right so, developing repour, prevention, education, optimism. It is important to also involve personal wellness into conversations about work so that there is a defined work life balance.

  • What should every wellness program include and why?

One on one sessions to address individual needs. Teamwork. Leadership. Group sessions in order to establish connections with others. Health based challenges since a healthy body creates a healthy mind.

(interjected questions asking for Nissa to elaborate on health-base challenges)

Physical activity is important for overall wellness so in sessions I will ask about exercise and challenge them to include more activities into their daily routine. Walking challenges, 30 day squats, 30 day planks etc. I

  • What are the important factors for including group wellness meetups?

Attendance, participation, engagement, respect, safety. We encourage everyone to join (attend) but also to participate and engage with others and feel like a community.

  • How do you assess a client’s or patient’s emotional level and overall wellness?

Asking directly. Watching body language. Paying attention to their attire and how they carry themselves. we often go off referrals and questionnaire type surveys. Operations managers will also reach out to us if they notice behavioral changes or have first-hand knowledge that a reps is having a rough time.

  • What is your opinion regarding role modeling? How are you a role model for your clients/patients?

Being a role model is not easy but having them is necessary and we really should be grateful. Role models show a better example of how something should be. Everyone needs one or more throughout life.

For me being a role model is about going above and beyond, making sure my appearance is well kept being approachable, smiling, and self-care. I want to lead by example and be the person I know other people can look up to

  • What has been the most rewarding aspect of being a wellness coach?

Positively impacting happiness, allowing someone to see themselves differently, and allowing pthers to think with a different perspective.

  • What has been the most challenging aspect of being a wellness coach?

Reaching everyone is a limited time. We only have so many hours in a day and often I can’t speak to everyone. Also someone not listening to beneficial advice. You can kind of tell when a person is actively listening and is responsive and those times when nothing you say matters or makes a difference to them.

Discussion questions

Cardiorespiratory endurance is related to the heart and how well your heart pumps oxygen into the blood which then moves the blood to muscles and tissue while you are moving. This is importance for reducing fatigue and improving stamina. Muscular strength refers to how much your muscles can work doing one activity which is vital in core strength because your core is responsible for majority of movement in the body. Muscular endurance then goes further into how muscles can keep moving over an extended time. Flexibility is the component that revolves around the movement of joints. Lastly, body composition is related to the balance of body fat and the necessary parts of the body like organs. (Burt, 2010)

  • Did the answers provided by your chosen professional highlight these components?

The general answers to the questions did not revolve around physical health too much; however, we did have side conversations in relationship to physical health and exercise. Nissa is the Wellness Coach at my company so we work the interview into our biweekly meeting. I had mentioned being less active during shelter in place and home it has affected my overall wellness. He brought up that even a walk a day would be good for me physically and emotionally. We did dive into more personal health issues that I have concerns about and in the Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise article there is specific mention that “Favorable improvements in hypertension, glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and inflammatory markers have been reported in middle-aged and older persons exercising within the volumes and quality of exercise recommended here, even during weight regain”. (Garber, 2011) This was important for me because I am in my late 30s and at risk for Type 2 diabetes which Nissa and myself talked about. We went over a lot of my diet and daily exercise which happens to be a passion for Nissa. He loves helping people reach physical wellness because he believes this to be a contributing factor to overall health. At the end of our conversation he set a health challenge for me for the next 30 days that includes trying his coffee and dates breakfast and walking twice a day for 30mins.

  • Explain the importance of physical fitness to overall wellness.

Physical fitness has an instrumental factor on overall health and wellness. As pointed out in the video cardiovascular and muscle health are important factors in ensuring your body behaves and move in a matter that supports organ development and oxygen distribution. Physical health can also reduce injuries and health issues that can shorten your life span.


Burt, V. (Writer), & Breitenmoser, K. (Director & Producer) (2010). The body in motion: Fitness, skill, and training [Video file]. Retrieved from

Garber, C. E., Blissmer, B., Deschenes, M., Franklin, B. A., Lamonte, M. J., Lee, I., Nieman, D. C., & Swain, D. (2011). Quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy adults: Guidance for prescribing exercise (Links to an external site.)Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 43(7), 1334-1359. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e318213fefb

Powers, S. K., & Dodd, S. L. (2017). Total fitness & wellness, the Mastering Health edition (7th ed.). Retrieved from

Tiana Friesen

Jul 7, 2020 at 8:57 PM

The five components of a fitness program include: cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition. Cardiovascular endurance is a measurement of stamina while muscular strength and muscular endurance enable muscles to work longer. Flexibility helps in certain sports while also increasing stamina. Body composition includes the fat to muscle ratio which helps with each component. “The body is composed of water, protein, minerals, and fat. A two-component model of body composition divides the body into a fat component and fat-free component. Body fat is the most variable constituent of the body. The total amount of body fat consists of essential fat and storage fat” (Kravitz, L, Hayward, 1992, 34-39). Body composition consists of more than body fat and muscles which is important to differentiate when weighing.

“While even low levels of physical activity provide some health benefits, evidence indicates that moderate to high levels of physical activity are required to pro-vide major health benefits ” (Powers & Dodd, 2017, p. 44). Not only has physical fitness been gauge to health it also increases several aspects of wellness. Besides physical wellness, physical fitness increases emotional, social, and environmental wellness. Physical fitness can decrease anxiety and depression while increasing activity levels. Working out can also be a place of social interactions. I have noticed that most people from my gym either carpool or ride their bike to and from which promotes environmental wellness.

I choose to interview Tori who works as middle school Physical Education teacher. We talked about more than the required questions and how the last teaching year affected her abilities to teach remotely. She stated that she encouraged students and parents to both get exercise, and enjoy time outdoors, or actively engage in sports. At her school students were not required to submit any proof of activity but she did also encourage a nutrition log. There was no way to monitor progress, but she hopes students were able to do physical activities they enjoyed.

  • How long have you been working in this occupation?

I will enter into my third year of middle school teaching in the 2020-2021 school year.

  • What is your educational background? Please include any information regarding associated certifications, licensing, or registrations.

I attended the University of Northern Colorado after graduating high school where I obtained my Bachelor of Science in Sports and Exercise Science degree with a focus in Physical Education K-12 teaching. To get licensed in Colorado, I had to earn a degree relevant to Physical Education and complete a state approved content exam (for Colorado this is a PRAXIS exam: Physical Education Content Knowledge). I am licensed to teach Physical Education in elementary, middle, and high school settings in Colorado.

  • What is a typical day like for you?

I teach four sections of physical education courses and one section of personal wellness each day. I teach one section of sixth grade PE and health, one section of seventh grade team/ life sports, one section of eighth grade lifetime/ adventure activities, one section of eighth grade team/ life sports, and one section sixth grade introduction to personal wellness courses each day. Each class is sixty-two minutes long.

  • First period is seventh grade team/ life sports where we learn about offensive and defensive strategies for individual and dual physical activities. We explore a number of different activities including basketball, badminton, pickleball, kickball, bowling, track, ultimate frisbee, stress management, yoga amongst others.
  • Second period is eighth grade team/ life sports which is similar to seventh grade team/ life sports. We focus on understanding the tactics, strategies, values, history, and principles of many team sports.
  • Third period is the first section of intro to personal wellness. Sixth graders are introduced to personal wellness (and may take personal wellness one and two in seventh and eighth grade). We look at and talk about nutrition and kitchen/ food safety. Students get to apply this understanding through cooking every other week. We also talk about nutrition as it relates to exercise and overall well being.
  • Fourth and fifth period include lunch and planning.
  • Sixth period is eighth grade lifetime/ adventure activities in which students get to identify preferences for lifetime physical activity. We explore a variety of recreational activities available in Colorado including hiking, rock climbing, skiing and snowboarding, and fishing.
  • Seventh period is sixth grade PE and health. Students participate in physical activities in groups, teams, and as individuals. Students get to learn about various physical activities and how those activities impact their health. Students learn movement competencies, eating healthy, sexual health, fit and healthy lifestyle habits in addition to learning about their emotional and social wellness.
  • What do you feel are the most important aspects of an exercise program?

The most important aspects of an exercise program include teaching healthy and appropriate ways to participate in exercise and knowing when to take a break.

  • What should every exercise program include and why?

Every exercise program should include a variety of exercise activities so that students can find an activity or activities that he/ she thoroughly enjoys. This encourages students to lead an active lifestyle when they get to participate in activities they like doing.

  • How is exercise important to a person’s overall wellness?

Physical well-being is crucial to a healthy lifestyle. Exercise is good for the body and aids in emotional well-being; when your body feels good your mind and spirit do too.

  • How do you assess a client’s or patient’s fitness level and overall wellness?

Students participate in several physical pursuits that assess their overall fitness and wellness (such as running the mile and push up and sit up endurance tests). For example, at the beginning of each quarter students run the mile, in the middle of the quarter students run it again, and at the end of the quarter students run it a third time. They can see their growth over the quarter after being active in their physical education class.

  • What is your opinion regarding role modeling? How are you a role model for you clients/ patients?

Role modeling is essential especially for younger students. I role model at school by participating in all the activities I ask and expect my students to participate in. I work to create a safe and fun environment so by participating in every activity I hope to show students how to have fun while exercising. I share my physical pursuits with students- if I go hiking over the weekend, I tell my kids where I went and encourage them to share their physical pursuits with me. I am mindful of what I eat especially on lunch duty days. I make sure that the food I consume matches what I teach students about nutrition and wellness.

  • How do you keep children engaged?

For the most part, students enjoy PE and being active during the school day, since they are expected to be relatively still during their other classes. Kids also enjoy variety and we never spend too long on any one subject or activity, so kids know that if they do not enjoy basketball for example, they know we will move on to a different activity in a few days. Students are encouraged and expected to participate in every class activity (this is part of their grade). We

  • How do you implement or tie in nutrition?

The personal wellness courses offered specifically cover the relationship between nutrition and physical activity/ wellness. Students can make a connection between what they learn in their PE class and what they eat through conversations.


Kravitz, L., & Heyward, V. (1992). Getting a grip on body composition. IDEA Today, 10(4), 34-39.

Powers, S. K., & Dodd, S. L. (2017). Total fitness & wellness, the Mastering Health edition (7th ed.). Retrieved from