-Describe the physiology of blood pressure control.
-Select 3 of the potential causes and explain the pathophysiologic mechanisms of primary hypertension. Causes of Primary Hypertension may include overactivity of the SNS; overactivity of the RAAS; alterations in other neurohumoral mediators of blood volume and vasomotor tone such as ANP, BNP, and adrenomedullin; inflammation; a complex interaction involving insulin resistance and endothelial function; and obesity-related hormonal changes.
-identify the organ damage that can occur as a result of Hypertension. Describe the pathophysiologic process of the organ damage.
-Orthostatic hypotension can occur as an adverse effect of medications used to manage hypertension. Describe the pathophysiologic process that causes orthostatic hypotension.