Topic 3 DQ 2
Two external stressors unique to adolescents would include school and peer demands and separation/divorce of their parents. According to Falkner (2018) “Stressors, such as bullying, cyberbullying, depression, relationship violence, and suicide, are all dynamics teenagers may face” (para. 32). Adolescents are at a unique stage of life, no longer a child but not yet an adult. Most adolescents do not have the coping ability to deal with high stress so they react negatively such as withdrawal, physical or mental illness or turn to alcohol or drug abuse. Teens have a lot of school demands including good grades, extracurricular activities and fitting in with their peers. Another common issue is their parents separating and/or divorcing and the unknowns that can come with that. They may turn to unsafe acts such as racing cars/unsafe driving, unsafe sex and/or partying. Parents/caregivers can support their teens by giving advice and providing support to them when they face problems.
External stressors lead to anxiety, depression, and can also result in suicide. Teens can decrease stress by using techniques and coping mechanisms such as exercising and eating regularly, avoiding alcohol, drugs, tobacco, and excessive caffeine, learn relaxation techniques such as abdominal breathing and muscle relaxation techniques, listening to music, talking to friends, drawing, and writing (American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2020). Some coping mechanisms that is good to learn includes good eating and sleeping habits, physical exercise and having a good network of friends that are supportive and trustworthy. Good listening is also important and developing trust with their parents. I have also found lead by example is important as I recently had two teenager children. It was a difficult time but by God’s grace, we survived. If teens learn these coping mechanisms and manage stress, they can go onto become successful adults.
Using 200-300 words APA format with references support the discussion
Describe two external stressors that are unique to adolescents. Discuss what risk-taking behaviors may result from the external stressors and what support or coping mechanism can be introduced.