developments in communication technology

Statistical Package for Social Sciences

Evidence Based Practices to Guide Clinical Practices


Nurses can keep up to date wit

h all the data compiled from clinical research and evidence-based practice thanks to developments in communication technology, which has resulted in a vast expansion of knowledge and information. Understanding basic research designs and processes can help you differentiate quality research from credible sources with verifiable data. The aim of this paper is to assess different aspects of two research studies that have been published in clinical journals and concentrate on the successful integration of self-management and healthy lifestyle habits in the areas of hand washing and nosocomial infections (Camargo, 2018). Each author aims to illustrate the useful insight into the advantages and drawbacks of each and their implementation in clinical practice by contrasting the elements from quantitative and qualitative research studies.

developments in communication technology

Interrelationship between Theory, Research, and EBP

Evidence based on practice, research and theory are the pillars of the nursing profession. These three concepts interact in a reciprocal and cyclical way. Medical evidence-based practice generates empirical issues and expertise in theory (Ellis, 2019). Research informs evidence-based practice and advances understanding by advancing hypotheses. Theoretical frameworks direct studies and help to strengthen evidence-based practice.

Successful nursing practice entails treating patients with experience, expertise, compassion, and imagination in an accessible, safe, and considerate manner. Research findings represent an important part of the knowledge involved in the decision-making of nursing health. Ideally, all recommendations on medical care base on research evidence.

Study and theory have a reciprocal relationship in which research generates further information and theory. Theory is essential to the research process, as it serves as a backdrop for providing insight and guidance to the research sample (Camargo, 2018). Theory may also guide the study process by developing and testing hypotheses of interest. Practice is the basis for the development of nursing theory, while nursing theory must be substantiated in practice.

Statistical Package for Social Sciences

Article 1

Asadollahi, M., Bostanabad, M. A., Jebraili, M., Mahallei, M., Rasooli, A. S., & Abdolalipour, M. (2016). Nurses’ knowledge regarding hand hygiene and its individual and organizational predictors. Journal of caring sciences4(1), 45

Research Questions

Does apposite hand washing among healthcare practitioners decreases nosocomial infections transmission rates to patients.

Sampling and Sampling Size

Survey method with questionnaire administered to 150 employed nurses in selected settings

The study setting was Tabriz teaching hospitals. Study population is employed nurses in the study area who were participated after census sampling.

Research Design

The researchers created questionnaires to assess participants’ knowledge of hand hygiene, which were then used after they were approved for reliability and validity.


Due to nurse’s critical roles, they should have essential and updated information concerning hand hygiene.

Data Collection Methods

The study embraced a descriptive and cross-sectional design, with the researchers using a questionnaire as the research tool. The questionnaire design based on literature, guidelines, and article reviews. The qualitative study of the research applied Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) by descriptive statistics and the Pearson correlation test. The t-test on independent samples and one way ANOVA were used, hence the significance of qualitative methodology to respond to the study question.