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F o u r t h E d i t i o n

Karen Lee Fontaine Professor, College of Nursing, Purdue University Calumet,

Hammond, Indiana


consequences from application of the information

Notice: Care has been taken to confirm the accuracy of information presented in this book. The authors, editors, and the publisher, however, cannot accept any responsibility for errors or omissions or for consequences from application of the information in this book and make no warranty, express or implied, with respect to its contents.

The authors and publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selections and dosages set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and reactions, the reader is urged to check the package inserts of all drugs for any change in indications or dosage and for added warning and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.

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Copyright © 2015, 2011, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United States of America. This publication is protected by Copyright and permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. To obtain permission(s) to use material from this work, please submit a written request to Pearson Education, Inc., Permissions Department, One Lake Street, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 or you may fax your request to 201-236-3290.

Many of the designations by manufacturers and seller to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this book, and the publisher was aware of a trademark claim, the designations have been printed in initial caps or all caps. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Fontaine, Karen Lee, 1943–author. [Complementary & alternative therapies for nursing practice] Complementary and alternative therapies for nursing practice / Karen Lee Fontaine, professor, College of Nursing, Purdue University Calumet, Hammond, Indiana.—Fourth edition. pages cm Revision of: Complementary & alternative therapies for nursing practice.—3rd ed.—©2009. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN-13: 978-0-13-334650-3 ISBN-10: 0-13-334650-1 1. Nursing. 2. Alternative medicine. I. Title. RT42.F64 2015 610.73—dc23 2013045244

Publisher: Julie Alexander Publisher’s Assistant: Regina Bruno Project Management Team Lead: Patrick Walsh Program Manager: Erin Rafferty Project Manager: Maria Reyes Director of Marketing: David Gessell Executive Marketing Manager: Phoenix Harvey

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ISBN-13: 978-0-13-334650-3 ISBN-10: 0-13-334650-1




This book is dedicated to Peggy Gerard, Dean, and Kathy Nix, Undergraduate Coordinator, College of Nursing,

Purdue University Calumet for all their support and enthusiasm as complementary and alternative medicine

was integrated into the curriculum.



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Preface ix

Acknowledgments xiii

Reviewers xiv

UNIT 1 Healing Practices: Complementary and Alternative Therapies for Nurses 1


1 Integrative Healing 3

2 Basic Concepts Guiding Alternative Therapies 19

3 The Role of Evidence-Based Health Care in Complementary and Alternative Therapies 37

UNIT 2 Systematized Health Care Practices 47 Chapter 4 Traditional Chinese Medicine 49


5 Ayurvedic Medicine 70

6 Native American Healing and Curanderismo 90

UNIT 3 Botanical Healing 111 Chapter 7 Herbs and Nutritional Supplements 113

8 Aromatherapy 133

9 Homeopathy 149

10 Naturopathy 162

UNIT 4 Manual Healing Methods 169 Chapter 11 Chiropractic 171

Chapter ;

12 Massage 183


13 Pressure Point Therapies 202


14 Hand-Mediated Biofield Therapies 217


15 Combined Physical and Biofield Therapy 230

UNIT 5 Mind–Body Techniques 239 Chapter 16 Yoga 241

Chapter ;

17 Meditation 256

18 Hypnotherapy and Guided Imagery 269




19 Dreamwork 286

20 Intuition 301

21 Music as a Therapeutic Tool 311

22 Biofeedback 320

23 Movement-Oriented Therapies 327

UNIT 6 Spiritual Therapies 339 Chapter 24 Shamans 341

Chapter 25 Faith and Prayer 352

UNIT 7 Other Therapies 367 Chapter 26 Bioelectromagnetics 369