Question 1

A 6-month-old female presents with rhinorrhea, cough, poor feeding, lethargy, and fever. She is diagnosed with bronchiolitis. Which of the following will the nurse most likely observe on the culture report?

a. parainfluenza virus
b. haemophilus B influenzae
c. respiratory syncytial virus
d. group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus

Question 2

A 53-year-old male with a 20-year history of smoking is diagnosed with emphysema. When a staff member asks why the patient’s airways are obstructed, how should the nurse respond? The airways are obstructed because of:

a. Loss of elastic recoil
b. Airway edema
c. Infection and inflammation
d. Excessive mucus production

Question 3

A 25-year-old male presents with chronic bronchitis of 5 months’ duration. When obtaining the patient’s history, which of the following findings is most likely to cause this condition?

a. chronic asthma
b. air pollution