Every 10 years, The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion release information on health indicators, public health issues, and current trends. At the end of 2020, Healthy People 2030 was released to provide information for the next 10 years. Healthy People 2030 provides the most updated content when it comes to prioritizing public health issues; however, there are historical contents that offer a better understanding of some topics. Disaster preparedness is addressed in Healthy People 2030, but a more robust understanding of MAP-IT, triage, and recovery efforts is found in Healthy People 2020. For this reason, you will find references to both Healthy People 2020 and Healthy People 2030 in this course.
Complete the following:
1. Develop a disaster recovery plan for the Vila Health community that will lessen health disparities and improve access to services after a disaster. Refer back to the Vila Health: Disaster Recovery Scenario to understand the Vila Health community. Valley City Regional Hospital; primary source of healthcare big area in north Dakota. Population 8295, median age 43, 65+ = 22%.
o Assess community needs. (204 elderly with complex medical issues, 147 physically disabled, some needing American sign language) large homeless and undocumented immigrant population. The city is in a financial crisis and recently laid off police and fire department staff.)
o Consider resources, personnel, budget, and community makeup.
o Identify the people accountable for implementation of the plan and describe their roles.
o Focus on specific Healthy People 2020 goals and 2030 objectives.
o Include a timeline for the recovery effort.
2. Apply the MAP-IT (Mobilize, Assess, Plan, Implement, Track) framework to guide the development of your plan:
o Mobilize collaborative partners.
o Assess community needs.
o Use the demographic data and specifics related to the disaster to identify the needs of the community and develop a recovery plan. Consider physical, emotional, cultural, and financial needs of the entire community.
o Include in your plan the equitable allocation of services for the diverse community.
o Apply the triage classification to provide a rationale for those who may have been injured during the train derailment. Provide support for your position.
o Include in your plan contact tracing of the homeless, disabled, displaced community members, migrant workers, and those who have hearing impairment or English as a second language in the event of severe tornadoes.
o Plan to lessen health disparities and improve access to services.
o Implement a plan to reach Healthy People 2020 goals and 2030 objectives.
o Track and trace-map community progress.
o Use the CDC’s Contract Tracing Resources for Health Departments as a template to create your contact tracing.
o Describe the plan for contact tracing during the disaster and recovery phase.
3. Develop a slide presentation of your disaster recovery plan for city officials and the disaster relief team. Be sure to also include speaker notes.
Presentation Format and Length
Be sure that your slide deck includes the following slides:
- Title slide.
- References (at the end of your presentation).
Your slide deck should consist of 10-12 content slides plus title and references slides. Use the speaker’s notes section of each slide to develop your talking points and cite your sources as appropriate.
Cite at least three credible sources from peer-reviewed journals or professional industry publications within the past 5 years to support your plan.
The requirements outlined below correspond to the grading criteria in the scoring guide, so be sure to address each point:
- Describe the determinants of health and the cultural, social, and economic barriers that impact safety, health, and recovery efforts in the community.
- Explain how your proposed disaster recovery plan will lessen health disparities and improve access to community services.
- Explain how health and governmental policy impact disaster recovery efforts.
- Present specific, evidence-based strategies to overcome communication barriers and enhance interprofessional collaboration to improve the disaster recovery effort.
- Organize content with clear purpose/goals and with relevant and evidence-based sources (published within 5 years).
- Slides are easy to read and error-free.